ISRO is to India what NASA is to the USA, it has launched the second spacecraft on a mission to the moon aimed at landing a rover on the South Pole. The word Chandrayaan means a ” craft to the moon” Chandra is Moon & Yaan means an aircraft in Hindi.
The 43.43 meters tall three-stage rocket GSLV-MK111-M1 took off successfully from Satish Dhawan space center in Sriharikota, about 16 minutes later released 3,850 kg Chandrayaan-2 into the Orbit.
This spacecraft will take 48 days to land on the moon surface. The Chandrayaan-2 has an Orbiter, a lander, and a rover. This is surely the most ambitious mission taken by the ISRO.
What is ISRO?
Indian Space Research Organisation is the full name of the prestigious organization. It was set up in the year 1969 with famed scientist Dr.Vikram Sarabhai as its first Chairman. Today ISRO is the 6th largest space agency in the World. ISRO has over the years developed satellites to help cater to India’s interest in Space. These satellites have immensely increased India’s capability in broadcasts, communications, weather forecast, navigation, telemedicine, and strategic interests. The mission of ISRO is to ” harness space technology for national development while pursuing space science research and planetary exploration”
The cost of the entire mission of Chandrayaan-2 is $141 Million while the cost of a unit of F-22 Raptor is $ 150 Million! and if we compare it with the latest Avengers: Endgame it is just 40% of the production cost.
Chandrayaan-2 will land rover in a high plane between two craters, Manzinus C and Simpelices N, at a latitude of 70 Degrees South. The rover will move in lunar surface and will perform chemical analysis.
If the landing is successful India will be the 4th nation to achieve the historic feet. It will highlight the technological advancement made by India with Soft landing on the moon. The Orbiter, on the other hand, will map the lunar surface by orbiting at the height of 100 km from the surface of the moon.
The lander is named after the architect of the Indian Space program Dr.Vikram Sarabhai, Vikram. The Vikram will detach itself from the orbiter and attempt Soft landing on the Moon.
Article by Ajay Singh Makhloga, founder myway2india.com